German future tense

How to Construct German Sentence in Future Tense

I. Introduction

We’ll dive into learning future tense in German language in this lesson. We’ll explore how to build the future tense for regular and irregular verbs, talk about how to give future acts more detail by using modal verbs, and offer you with practical scenarios to help you understand. You’ll feel more comfortable using the German language to discuss upcoming events at your completion of this course.

II. Formation of German Future Tense

A. Regular Verbs

  • The Future Tense of regular verbs in German can be constructed easily. When using the main verb’s infinitive form, you apply the auxiliary verb “werden”. The infinitive verb “werden” remains unchanged, but its conjugation differs depending to the sentence’s subject.
    • “Ich werde arbeiten.” (I will work.)
    • “Du wirst lesen.” (You will read.)

B. Irregular Verbs

  • Irregular verbs in German can change their stem or the infinitive form in the Future Tense. Although “werden” remains the auxiliary verb, irregular verbs have unique conjugation patterns.
    • “Ich werde sein.” (I will be.)
    • “Du wirst haben.” (You will have.)

C. Use of Modal Verbs for the Future

  • Modal verbs such as können (can), dürfen (may), wollen (desire), sollte (should), müssen (must), and mögen (like) are also conjugable in the future tense. These modal verbs, which can also indicate permission, purpose, skill, obligation, preference, or desire, give additional meaning to future acts when linked with the initial verb’s infinitive form.
    • “Ich werde können.” (I will be able to.)
    • “Du wirst wollen.” (You will want to.)

III. Usage of Auxiliary Verbs

A. Conjugation of “werden”

  • The auxiliary verb “werden” is essential for forming the German Future Tense. Its conjugation changes depending on the subject of the sentence. The main verb’s infinitive form is followed by the conjugated form of “werden”. This is the conjugation for it:
    • “Ich werde” (I will)
    • “Du wirst” (You will – singular, informal)
    • “Er/Sie/Es wird” (He/She/It will)
    • “Wir werden” (We will)
    • “Ihr werdet” (You will – plural or singular, formal)
    • “Sie werden” (They/You will – formal)

B. Formation of Future Participles

  • – The conjugated form of “werden” is combined with the primary verb’s infinitive form to create the Future Tense in German. In contrast to several other languages, German lacks separate future participles. To show the following actions, it depends on this combination.
    • “Ich werde lesen.” (I will read.)
    • “Wir werden reisen.” (We will travel.)

IV. Time Expressions in German Future Tense

A. Temporal Phrases Indicating Future Actions

  • Time expressions are crucial for giving context to actions in the Future Tense. They help specify when an event will happen. Common time phrases indicating future actions include:
    • “Morgen” (Tomorrow):
      “Wir werden morgen ankommen.” (We will arrive tomorrow.)
    • “Nächste Woche” (Next week):
      “Er wird nächste Woche anrufen.” (He will call next week.)
    • “In der Zukunft” (In the future):
      “Sie werden in der Zukunft erfolgreich sein.” (They will be successful in the future.)

B. Adverbs and Adverbial Phrases for Future Reference

  • The precision of the future tense improves when adverbs and phrases are used since they provide more details about the time of an event.
    • “Bald” (Soon):
      “Ich werde bald zurück sein.” (I will be back soon.)
    • “Später” (Later):
      “Du wirst später verstehen.” (You will understand later.)
    • “Demnächst” (In the near future):
      “Wir werden demnächst anfangen.” (We will start in the near future.)

V. Regular Practice Exercises

Let’s see what you have learned and try these German future tense exercises!

A. Fill in the Blank Sentences

   1. Ich _______ morgen ins Kino gehen. (gehen)

   2. Ihr _______ das Buch _______ lesen. (werden, können)

   3. Was _______ du am Wochenende _______? (machen, wollen)

   4. Wir _______ das Projekt _______ abschließen. (werden, müssen)

   5. Sie _______ bald _______ anfangen. (werden, können)

B. Verb Conjugation Practice

Conjugate the following verbs in the Future Tense:

  1. spielen (ich)
  2. essen (du)
  3. sprechen (wir)
  4. trinken (sie)
  5. machen (ich)

Feel free to fill in the blanks and conjugate the verbs. If you’d like, I can provide feedback or corrections.

VI. Common Mistakes and Tips

A. Differentiating Future Tense from Other Tenses

  1. Avoiding Present Tense Confusion:
    • Tip: Take care not to combine future tense and present tense expressions. Make a clear distinction between what is occurring right now and what is coming later.
      • Correct: “Ich werde morgen gehen.” (I will go tomorrow.)
      • Incorrect: “Ich gehe morgen.”
  2. Discerning Past and Future Tenses:
    • Tip: Make a clear distinction between actions in the past and those intended for the future. Pay attention to verb conjugation and time expressions.
      • Correct: “Er hat gestern angerufen.” (He called yesterday.)
      • Incorrect: “Er wird gestern anrufen.”

B. Proper Use of Time Expressions

  1. Precise Placement of Time Indicators:
    • Tip: Position time expressions correctly within the sentence to avoid confusion. Place them before the conjugated form of “werden.”
      • Correct: “Wir werden nächste Woche reisen.” (We will travel next week.)
      • Incorrect: “Wir nächste Woche werden reisen.”
  2. Consistent Adverb Usage:
    • Tip: Use adverbs consistently to convey the timing of actions in relation to the future. Ensure that adverbs align with the intended meaning.
      • Correct: “Sie wird bald ankommen.” (She will arrive soon.)
      • Incorrect: “Sie wird später ankommen.”

VII. Conclusion

  • In conclusion, mastering the construction of the German Future Tense entails learning how to use the auxiliary verb “werden” in conjunction with infinitive verbs. To appropriately describe future activities, it’s important to recognise this tense from others, utilise suitable temporal expressions, and avoid common mistakes.
  • Embrace mistakes as opportunities for improvement, and persist in exploring the language. If you’re eager to learn the German language, click the link to improve your proficiency. Vier Erfolg (Good luck) on your language-learning journey!

Leave a Reply